Pakistan is recognized throughout the world for its incredible biodiversity, hosting all kinds of life forms. From Snow Leopards and Markhors found in the Northern regions to Blind Dolphins found in the Indus River, there are many beautiful animals in Pakistan. However some Animals in Pakistan are at Risk of Extinction
The variety of animals in Pakistan are faced with a threat of extinction as humans continue to disregard the importance of conserving nature for their own selfish reasons.
According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, Pakistan (WWF), Pakistan’s wildlife is facing an endangerment crisis with numbers having fallen by more than half since 1970.
This calls for an emergency appeal to the humans that are ignorant of the current need to conserve the ecosystem.
If not taken seriously, some threatened species in Pakistan will cease to exist. This will cause irreparable damage to the system of life.
It is imperative to educate the youth and the society as a whole to understand why exactly is nature so important. This article weaves through all the topics that need to be talked about regarding the alarmingly rapid decline in the numbers of Pakistan’s fauna. Read on below!
Biodiversity Of Animals In Pakistan
Pakistan hosts a peculiar mix of fauna and a plethora of different habitats. The Northern mountainous regions are rich in animals that are specific to Pakistan’s ecosystem.
In addition to the national animal of Pakistan, Markhor, Snow Leopard, Kashmir Gray Langur, Siberian Ibex, White-bellied Musk Deer, Indian wolf and a number of other such wildlife occupies the northern regions.
Wild-boar, Indian Cobra, Sindh Ibex, Barn Owl, Indus Valley Toad, Indian Rhinoceros and more occupy the Indus Plains and desert areas of Sindh.
Striped Hyena, Markhor, Leopard Gecko, Bearded Vulture, Balochistan Forest Dormouse etc. constitute the glorious fauna of the province of Balochistan.
The coastal regions and wetlands host a variety of marine life including Common Kingfisher, Leopard Cat, Fishing Cat and the Indus River Dolphin which is an endangered animal in Pakistan.
The Balochistan coasts of Hawke’s Bay and Sandspit are habitats to sea turtles and five of their endangered species in Pakistan.
How Do Animals Become Endangered?
The animals in Pakistan that make up a large part of the Pakistani ecosystem are at a rapidly growing risk of extinction as a number of natural as well as man made factors pose as threats to the marine and wildlife.
Apart from evolution and natural disasters, there are man made factors, like purposely destroying habitats through deforestation which results in several animals being robbed of their homes.
Global warming, pollution, overpopulation, hunting, domestication of animals for zoos and circuses are also among the factors responsible for the rapidly decreasing population of the wildlife of Pakistan. We have made a list of endangered animals in Pakistan.
Endangered Species In Pakistan
Here is a list of some of the animals in Pakistan that have been officially declared to be among the endangered species.
Indus River Dolphin
These dolphins are specific to the lower regions of the Indus River and are one of the rarest mammals in the world.
After the construction of an irrigation system in the river, their population was reported to have fallen drastically in Pakistan.
According to WWF, It was declared after the census in 2001 that the Indus River dolphin or Blind dolphin population had dropped as low as 1,200.
Recently, it has been reported that their numbers have increased to 1,816. However, this is one of the cute Animals in Pakistan who is at Risk of Extinction.
Green Sea Turtle
The green sea turtles constitute a large portion of the marine ecosystem.
The coastal areas of Sindh and Balochistan serve as nesting grounds for these turtles.
Sadly, habitat destruction and pollution — mainly plastic pollution — is the chief reason behind the current status of the sea turtle as an endangered animal in Pakistan.
Of course, naturally, out of hundreds of eggs, only a few are expected to survive.
Then begins the journey towards the sea during which many become prey to predators. As a result, even in natural conditions, the survival rate of these turtles is very low.
Among the animals in Pakistan that have been declared as endangered is the mountain goat that is found mainly in the Western parts of the Himalayas: Markhor, the National Animal of Pakistan.
It’s subspecies, Chiltan Markhor, Straight Horned Markhor and the Kabul Markhor were declared as some of the threatened species in Pakistan when their population dropped incredibly low due to increased hunting.
However, their numbers have been recorded to be increasing since the trophy hunting program was initiated.
Nevertheless, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), lists it as an endangered animal in Pakistan in its red list. //Animals in Pakistan are at Risk of Extinction
Snow Leopards are found in the cold, mountainous regions of Pakistan. Their numbers have been continuously declining in the past few years.
According to the IUCN, some of the factors that have earned this animal the status of being a threatened species in Pakistan include tourism, poaching, climate change, habitat loss and human intrusion.
The Indian pangolin, also known as anteater is another endangered animal in Pakistan which is found in all provinces of the country.
This animal contributes to the ecosystem by ingesting millions of insects and acting as a natural pest control.
It is widely in demand, worldwide for its keratin scales and meat.
Its numbers of mature adults have been decreasing rapidly and it is listed in the red list by IUCN among one of the animals of Pakistan that are at risk of extinction.
White backed vulture
This glorious predator bird has also been included in IUCN’s red list of threatened species in Pakistan.
Vultures hold great ecological as well as spiritual significance for some Asian locals.
Unfortunately, this scavenger bird is headed towards extinction in Pakistan.
Aside from the fact that they are slow breeders, these magnificent creatures are hunted illegally which is a contributing factor in it’s population decline.
Balochistan Forest Dormouse
The IUCN regards this species of rodents, which is only found in Pakistan, as ‘vulnerable’. It is found in a rather small area of Balochistan in the forests of Ziarat.
Among the reasons behind its current status of being a threatened species in Pakistan are extensive deforestation and habitat loss.
Conservation of the Ecosystem
The above mentioned are only some of the animals in Pakistan that are at risk of being erased from the face of Earth due to lack of knowledge about the importance of conservation of the ecosystem.
Granted, homo sapiens are part of the ecosystem as well but excessive involvement of humans in functions of nature is putting wildlife and marine life at risk. It is extremely important to take the necessary measures to ensure that the ecosystem runs smoothly and naturally for a healthier environment for all members of the ecosystem.
Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF), Pakistan.
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Red list of all endangered animals in Pakistan and worldwide: https://www.iucnredlist.org/