The Lost Identity: Personality Disorder // Khulood Mushtaq

Her soul screamed but the unheard cry echoed inside her fragile body. She felt so powerless, she almost felt like as if she has lost control over her personality questioning now and then about her identity. Nina was a neglected teenager often facing bullying in high school. Her parents were least bothered about their child as they were engrossed in their day to day quarrels. The innocent soul would lock herself for hours in her room as she was adapted to the peacefulness of her small messy room. She would hide when she would hear her parents quarreling or when she faces any bully in her school. She did not know when did her fears and insecurities had bottled up inside her suffocating her until one day she was about to stroke her classmate to death when she was done the constant bullying, but luckily was saved by the school staff. 

Soon Nina was diagnosed with a personality disorder. Around 80% of people around the globe suffer from personality disorders that create a drastic impact on their behavior and thinking pattern. Most of them are unaware of their condition whereas plenty takes a step to consult a psychologist.

What is Personality Disorder?

Personality Disorder is a mental disorder where a person has unhealthy pattern of thinking, functioning and behaving. He usually faces trouble in perceiving and relating to situations and people. This might have a serious effect on their relationships, social life or work. Moreover, the person has a wavering sense of who he is. This can make him feel lose control over his body, mind and personality.

What Different Types of Personality Disorders Are There?

Physiatrists have grouped the personality disorder into three broad clusters refers to as A, B and C. 

Cluster A Personality Disorder:

These disorders involve behavior that are unusual and peculiar to others.

They include:

  • Paranoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Cluster B Personality Disorder:

These disorders portray behavior that is emotional and dramatic such as

  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Cluster C Personality Disorder:

These feature anxiety and fear in Cluster C disorders like

  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • Dependent Personality Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

Later in the story Nina was found to have Cluster “A” Personality Disorder as she would behave strangely when she would face any quarrel in home or go through any bully in school.

What causes Personality Disorder?

Research found that various factors contribute to the development of different types of personality disorder. The causes may include:

1.Genetics: The disorder can be passed to the individual by one of his family members who have been struggling with personality disorders either parents, siblings or close relatives.

2. Childhood trauma: Any unacceptable event that has occurred in an individual’s life in childhood can effect him badly leading to the development of various mental disorders

3. Verbal abuse: Verbal abuse may create more horrific effect on a person’s mind than physical abuse. It remains branded in one’s memory and burn his soul

4. Negligence: Failure to look after a child by parents can effect child’s mind to great extent. Teenagers face serious personality disorders when they are being neglected at home.

What Are Short Term and Long Term Effects of Personality Disorder? 

People dealing with personality disorders may go through the harmful effects creating a sense of helplessness in them. Effects include:

1. Suicidal thoughts: Uncountable teenagers, as well as adults, experience suicidal thoughts. People suffering through various personality disorders or depression may end up thinking about ending their life.

2. Increased withdrawal from socialization: Socializing and interacting with different people may become their worst fear. People with personality disorders face insecurities while interacting.

3. Depression: They can face serious depression leading them to have more drastic effects on their mind

4. Mood swings: They may experience various mood swings in fraction of second 

How to Cope with Personality Disorders?

People suffering from personality disorders can succeed in overcoming it. It may take time to deal with it but one can cope with it successfully. Certain tips may help an individual such as:

1.Self Care:  Most people going through emotional pain fails to look after their health and turn to unhealthy coping skills like smoking, over-eating or self harm. One needs to make a healthy self care plan and take his health seriously

2. Sleep: Many personality disorders are caused by disturbances in sleep pattern. It can lead to anxiety and depression. An individual needs a proper sleeping pattern to overcome these disorders

3. Proper Parenting: Parents need to deal with their child in a friendly manner giving him more time and attention. Proper conversation with a child can make his state of mind healthy

4. Counselling: Counselling can play a vital role to overcome personality disorders. Interaction with a therapist or a counselor can actually make one feel relaxed.

It’s necessary to look after your mental health first at all times. Take your steps to achieve a healthy state of mind because its okay to go through emotional pain.

The Lost Identity: Personality Disorder // Khulood Mushtaq

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