Speak of Stigmas // Summayya Ali
The National Institute of Mental Health believes in no health without mental health. The National Alliance on Mental Diseases states that one out of five American grownups suffers from psychological issues. Mental issues include:
- Bipolar disorders
- Eating disorders
Symptoms of mental issues are stress, irregular sleep, and improper eating habits. These patients are hopeless, helpless, and confused. They are lethargic, angry, and edgy. They are nervous, moody and cannot do routine works. Such patients have poor memories and they stay away from people. They might abuse drugs or harm themselves.
Mental wellbeing is thought, sentiment and behavior in societies. Those who are suffering from psychological problems cannot decide, handle tensions or relationships. They are not energetic or do multi-tasks. Such patients cannot play their roles in the fields of life. These diseases fatigue them. They are lesser confident and withdrawn from the world.
Genes, alterations in brain structures and infections cause mental issues. Shocks, heart problems or other diseases are more factors. Changes or damage to chemicals of the brain leads to mental diseases, too.
18% of mature individuals fall prey to anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and panic attacks. They might experience obsessive-compulsive disorder or forms of phobia. For example, height phobia or claustrophobia. Meanwhile, 10% of elders either have depression or are bipolar.
Mental problem is a taboo even today. That is to say, people lack awareness of psychological ailments. Everyone sympathizes with the patients of cancer, for instance. Yet, society tags a patient of depression as mentally unstable. Masses rarely understand these diseases or focus on their treatments. Mental health facilities lack in Pakistan. Patients seldom afford their treatments.
Societies should accept mental patients as sufferers. They must respect them. These patients are humans. Their disease does not define them. Governments should make sure that these patients enjoy the same rights and chances as other people in the world. Education on mental health is necessary to help these patients.
These issues are common, and psychologists and psychiatrists can treat them. The World Health Organization states that depression will be the second biggest ailment around the globe by 2020.
Exercise reduces depression and anxiety: Walks, swims and weight lifts decrease depression and anxiety. They increase the production of endorphins. One is neither stressed nor pained. So, massages, meditation, and deep breaths are helpful.
These patients should eat fresh vegetables and fruits and proteins. Edibles of Omega-3 fatty acids are healthy for them too. Nuts, fish, eggs, seeds, and whole grains, for example. They should sleep regularly and count their blessings. These people should not overburden themselves with responsibilities; let themselves lose when necessary. They should share their feelings with the people they love. So, they support them.