Blackholes are considered one of the most fascinating things in the history of Astrophysics. Gone are the times when Blackhole was not regarded as a real thing. Over the last few decades, scientists have managed to gather the shreds of evidence of its existence.
Blackholes are considered massive regions of gravity that even light can not escape from. In the world of astrophysics, black holes are also known for ripping apart and eating stars. It may also be termed as “Spaghettification”.
Something similar to this has happened recently when the scientists saw an unusual burst of light. It was a star ‘being eaten’ by the black hole. The process typically known as the “Tidal Disruption Event” was seen by astronomers all over the world through telescopes. The flare was dubbed as “AT2019qiz.” The event occurred 215 million light-years away which may sound far but it is the closest tidal disruption to Earth ever recorded.
Usually, such events are difficult to observe. When a black hole eats a star it shreds the star into long thin streams of material and throws out dust and debris as the remains, which covers up the surface. This time, however, the tidal disruption was observed through the telescopes due to light that was growing brighter day by day.
What do the scientists have to say?
As Samantha Oates, an astronomer at the university of Birmingham said:
“When a black hole devours a star, it can launch a powerful blast of material outwards that obstructs our view.”
She further added,
“This happens because the energy released as the black hole eats up stellar material propels the star’s debris outwards.”
The team observing the event also commented on the size of the star, saying it was at one point equal to the “size of our Sun.” It obviously couldn’t escape the black hole as it has a mass million times more of that the Sun.
Who or what will the blackhole eat next?
Speaking about these tidal disruptions, scientists have only observed about 100 disruptions and AT2019qiz is being considered as the ‘unique peak’ into the outer space that could maybe tell us more about the ghastly events taking place because of the black hole.
With the black hole eating up stars the size of our Sun, it could be an alarming situation for us. As to what could it slurp up next and throw out as the random bursts of energy and light.