Anxiety // Sumaiyah Ali


The American Psychological Association says that anxiety is an emotion. People experience worry, nervousness, high blood pressure and other physical alterations. Common symptoms for anxiety disorders:

• Being on-edge
• Restlessness
• Irritability
• Focus issues
• Inability to fall asleep and sleeping for long hours.
These can be extreme and persistent.


Generalized Anxiety Disorder is the most common. Individuals do not recognize their causes. This anxiety is excessive, chronic and long-lasting. People worry over non-specific things and events. For example, a person worries about finances many times a day for months continuously. He can neither control it nor explain the reasons.

Panic disorder is characterized by sudden, brief attacks. These attacks are of apprehension and severe fear. This can cause confusion, shaking, nausea, dizziness, and breathing issues. These attacks increase fast. They become extreme after ten minutes and can last for hours. Stresses, fearfulness or no specific triggers cause them.

Phobias are an avoidance and illogical fear of circumstances and objects. Individuals cannot control fears despite realizing their irrationality when triggered. Triggers of panic disorders can be, for example, death of a friend, a divorce or a serious accident.

Agoraphobia is a fear of events and places that individuals cannot escape easily. For example, they do not want to leave home or use elevators.

In social anxiety, people fear negative social judgments. For instance, a stage fear, a fright of intimacy and anxiety of rejection and humiliation. Those going through social anxiety may avoid human contact and public gatherings.


There are triggers in the environment that can cause anxiety; having issues at work, relationship difficulties, and family problems.
People might suffer from an anxiety disorder if someone in their family has been suffering from anxiety. Medical factors can cause anxiety. For instance, another illness and side effects of a medicine. People who have undergone an intense surgery, or take longer to recover from it. Having imbalances in hormones or brain signals can also contribute to anxiety.


People should:
Decrease the intake of chocolates, coffee, and sodas. But sometimes cheat days are allowed, so eat all the chocolates you want!
• They should not use over-the-counter medicines without a doctor’s prescription.
• Eat healthy food. Yes! Take your veggies and fruits, but also, don’t forget to binge on your favorite snacks while watching Netflix!
• Sleep regularly and on time. rest after a tiring day. Self-care is important.
• Avoid using alcohol and drugs.

Steps to avoid it

  • Listing tasks in advance to reduce stress. Breaks from work or study are a must.
  • Relaxing, meditating, practicing deep breathing and yoga. Rest and long baths are helpful.
  • Turning negative thoughts to positives. For example, those experiencing phobias should create a mental image of defeating fears successfully.
  • Talking to a friend or a family member. Online support groups are helpful too.
  • Exercise! It improves self-image and releases brain chemicals that generate positive emotions.


Visiting a therapist is essential for treating anxiety. There are many forms of therapy that can help. For example, in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
psychologists recognize reasons of anxiety. They reduce scattered thoughts; change human reactions to anxiety causing situations.


Medicines help in severe anxiety so visiting a good psychiatrist along with continuing therapy is a good idea. We can treat anxiety through a healthy lifestyle. We can play an active role in treatments. Traveling or writing help to manage anxiety.

Anxiety // Sumaiyah Ali

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10 months ago

As I am a student of Psychologist, I want to thank you for such an informative article.

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