Recently, an outbreak of the coronavirus in China has caused global concern. It came in December 2019. It’s a new kind of virus spreading all over the world that originated from the meat market in Wuhan, China. Coronavirus is new and people are still learning about it that how it affects people. You’re currently unlikely to contract COVID-19 if you’ve not been in contact with someone who’s recently traveled to certain parts of China.
What is coronavirus?
Coronavirus is a new virus that has not been previously identified in humans. Its origins in the meet market in Wuhan, China. That market sold live and killed animals, like snakes and crocodile where the virus originated.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic that means they first develop in animals before developing in humans. There are many coronaviruses that are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
From what the doctors know now is that it can make some people a little sick with a slightly running nose and other people get sicker and can have difficulty breathing and develop pneumonia.
Some people get very sick and need to be hospitalized and unfortunately, some have died. This virus is officially named as COVID-19. It has infected tens of thousands, with a rising death now over 20,000.
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses. In addition to this virus, other human coronaviruses include:
- Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and
- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
And it is believed that these two viruses are more serious.
While doctors need to learn more about the disease and how it affects people but this information will change as we learn more about the disease.
Read on to learn more about this virus that what are the symptoms and causes and how to reduce the chances of getting it.
What causes coronaviruses?
Coronavirus first develops in animals before developing in humans. They can pass from animals to humans, a person has to come into close contact with an animal that carries the infection.
Once the virus develops in people then coronaviruses can be spread from person to person and it can spread through respiratory (droplet). Droplet is basically a name for the wet stuff that moves through the air when cough or sneeze.
But many researchers believe that the virus may have been passed from bats to another animal either snakes or pangolins and then transmitted to humans.
Washing your hands often with soap can help to decrease your risk for catching this or other viruses…
What are the symptoms?
Scientists are learning new things about this virus every day. You may carry the coronavirus for 2 days or maybe up to 2 before you notice symptoms.
Some common symptoms that coronavirus includes:
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
And treatments include self-care. People can take several steps, including:
- Resting and avoiding overexertion
- Drinking enough water
- Avoiding smoking
- Use a clean humidifier.
Limited research is available on how Coronavirus spreads from one person to the next. Researchers believe that the viruses transmit via fluids in the respiratory system.
Coronaviruses can spread in the following ways:
- Coughing and sneezing without covering the mouth.
- Touching or shaking hands with a person who has the virus.
- Making contact with someone who is sick
- Not washing your hands often.
Can a coronavirus be prevented or avoided?
There are no vaccines is for coronavirus currently. Try to avoid people who are sick and wash your hands with soap and avoid touching your mouth, nose, or eyes if your hands are not clean.
If you are traveling to an area where the coronavirus is present, speak to your doctor first. You’re at high risk for developing this virus if you come into contact with someone who’s
- If you come into contact with someone who’s carrying it
- Recent travel to china
- Not washing your hands properly
CORONAVIRUS IN PAKISTAN!
The Pakistani health authorities confirmed two positive cases of COVID-19 on Wednesday.
One in Karachi and others in Islamabad, who had traveled to Iran for the pilgrimage to holy sites. And they returned to the country and tested positive for the diseases. And because of the current situation, Balochistan and the Sindh government have closed down all the academic institutions till the 13th of March 2020.
‘’I can confirm the first two cases of coronavirus in Pakistan. Both cases are being taken care of according to the clinical standard protocols and both of them are stable. There is no need to panic, things are under control,” Special Assistant to Prime Minister Dr. Zafar Mirza said in a tweet.
And for now, health specialists have advised people not to panic and consider coronavirus as a disease similar to flu and advised to adopt the similar precautions, that includes maintaining personal hygiene like washing hands regularly with soap and drink plenty of water and don’t shake hands with a person who has the virus.
7 ways to prevent coronavirus
There is no vaccine available to prevent infection with the new coronavirus but you can take steps to reduce your risk of infection.
- Wash your hands with soap.
- Avoid touching your nose and mouth if your hands aren’t clean.
- Avoid close contact with anyone who’s sick.
- Clean and disinfect surfaces you often touch.
- Cover your mouth and nose when coughing.
- Stay home from work, school, and public areas if you’re sick.
- Avoid unprotected contact with wild animals.
First and foremost don’t panic and stay calm. And if you’re diagnosed with a coronavirus infection follow your doctor’s instructions so that you can recover and help prevent it from spreading. But still follows the instruction which is given in this article so that you can stay safe from any virus and always wash your hands with soap and always cover your mouth and nose when coughing and avoid touching your nose, mouth or eyes if your hands are not clean.